Wednesday, September 17, 2014

The Book of John Chapter 13

 (A Little Note:  Hi All,  I have not been able to post regularly because my mom is very ill.  We had to put her into hospice.  Please pray for my mom and my family as we go through this journey.  Thanks much.)

"Now before the feast of the Passover, when Jesus knew that his hour had come to depart out of this world to the Father, having loved his own who were in the world, he loved them to the end.  During supper, when the devil had already put it into the heart of Judas Iscariot, Simon's son, to betray him, Jesus knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he had come from God and was going back to God, rose from supper.  He laid aside his outer garments and taking a towel, tied it around his waist.  Then he poured water into a basin and began to wash the disciples' feet and to wipe them with the towel that was wrapped around him.  He came to Simon Peter, who said to him, "Lord, do you wash my feet?"  Jesus answered him, "What I am doing you do not understand now, but afterward you will understand."  Peter said to him, "You shall never wash my feet."  Jesus answered him, "If I do not wash you, you have no share with me." Simon Peter said to him, "Lord, not my feet only but also my hands and my head!"  Jesus said to him, "The one who has bathed does not need to wash except for his feet, but is completely clean.  And you are clean, but not every one of you."  For he knew who was to betray him; that was why he said, "Not all of you are clean."

When he had washed their feet and put on his outer garments and resumed his place, he said to them, "Do you understand what I have done to you?  You call me Teacher and Lord, and you are right, for so I am.  If I then, your Lord and Teacher, have washed your feet, you also ought to wash one another's feet.  For I have given you an example, that you also should do just as I have done to you.  Truly, truly, I say to you, a servant is not greater than his master, nor is a messenger greater than the one who sent him.  If you know these things, blessed are you if you do them.  I am not speaking of all of you; I know whom I have chosen.  But the Scripture will be fulfilled, He who ate my bread has lifted his heel against me.  I am telling you this now, before it takes place, that when it does take place you may believe that I am he.  Truly, truly, I say to you, whoever receives the one I send receives me, and whoever receives me receives the one who sent me."

After saying these things, Jesus was troubled in his spirit, and testified, "Truly, truly, I say to you, one of you will betray me."  The disciples looked at one another uncertain of whom he spoke.  One of his disciples, whom Jesus loved, was reclining at table close to Jesus, so Simon Peter motioned to him to ask Jesus, of whom he was speaking.  So that disciple, leaning back against Jesus, said to him, "Lord, who is it?"  Jesus answered, "It is he to whom I will give this morsel of bread when I have dipped it."  So when he had dipped the morsel, he gave it to Judas, the son of Simon Iscariot.  Then after he had taken the morsel, Satan entered into him.  Jesus said to him, "What you are going to do, do quickly."  Now no one at the table knew why he said this to him.  Some thought that, because Judas had the moneybag, Jesus was telling him, "Buy what we need for the feast," or that he should give something to the poor.  So, after receiving the morsel of bread, he immediately went out.  And it was night.

When he had gone out, Jesus said, "Now is the Son of Man glorified, and God is glorified in him.  If God is glorified in him, God will also glorify him in himself, and glorify him at once.  Little children, yet a little while I am with you.  You will seek me, and just as I said to the Jews, so now I also say to you.  Where I am going you cannot come.  A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another: just as I have loved you, you also are to love one another.  By this all people will know that you are my disciples, if you have love for one another."

Simon Peter said to him, "Lord, where are you going?"  Jesus answered him, "Where I am going you cannot follow me now, but you will follow afterward."  Peter said to him, "Lord, why can I not follow you now?  I will lay down my life for you."  Jesus answered, "Will you lay down your life for me?  Truly, truly, I say to you, the rooster will not crow till you have denied me three times."  John 13, ESV

Explanation for verses John 13:1-17:16, John 13:4-5, John 13:10, John 13:23, John 13:27, John 13:31-33, John 13:34, John 13:36,  from The MacArthur Study Bible ESV, pages 1569-1570.

"13:1-17:16  in these remaining chapters before his crucifixion, the record looks at Jesus' devoting himself to his own disciples.  While chs. 1-12 center on the rejection of Jesus by the nation (cf. 1:11), chs. 13-17 center on those who did receive him (see 1:12).  Beginning in ch. 13, Jesus moved completely away from public ministry to private ministry with those who had received him.  Chapters 13-17 were spoken by Jesus as a farewell on the night of his betrayal and arrest to communicate his coming legacy to his followers (chs. 13-16) and pray for them (ch. 17).  The cross was only one day away."

"13:4-5  The dusty and dirty conditions of the region necessitated the need for footwashing.  Although the disciples most likely would have been happy to wash Jesus' feet, they could not conceive of washing one another's feet.  This was because in the society of the time, footwashing was reserved for the lowliest of menial servants.  Peers did not wash one another's feet, except very rarely and as a mark of great love. Luke points out (22:24) that they were arguing about who was the greatest of them, so that none was willing to stoop to wash feet.  When Jesus moved to wash their feet, they were shocked. His actions serve also as symbolic of spiritual cleansing (John 13:6-9) and a model of Christian humility (vv. 12-17).  Through this action Jesus taught the lesson of selfless service that was supremely exemplified by his death on the cross."

"13:10 wash, except for his feet.  The cleansing that Christ does at salvation never needs to be repeated--atonement is complete at that point.  But all who have been cleansed by God's gracious justification need constant washing in the experiential sense as they battle sin in the flesh.  Believers are justified and granted imputed righteousness (Phil. 3:8-9), but still need sanctification and personal righteousness (Phil. 3:12-14)."

"13:11-12 Not all of you are clean.  This verse refers to Judas (6:70), who was soon to lead the mob to capture Jesus (18:3)."

"13:23 One of his disciples, whom Jesus loved.  This is the first reference to John the apostle, the author the Gospel (see introduction: Author and Date).  He specifically mentioned himself at the cross (19:26-27), at the empty tomb (20:2-9), by the Sea of Tiberias (21:1,20-23), and in the next-to-last verse where he is referenced as the author of the Gospel (21:24)"

"13:27 Satan entered into him.  Judas was personally possessed by Satan himself in his betrayal of Jesus.  See note on v. 2."

":31-33 glorified.  With Judas gone, the final events were set in motion.  Rather than looking at the agony of the cross, Jesus looked past the cross anticipating the glory that he would have with the Father when it was over (see 17:4-5; Heb. 12:2)"

"13:34 A new commandment. . . as I have loved you.  The commandment to love was not new.  Deuteronomy 6:5 commanded love for God, and Lev. 19:18 commanded loving one's neighbor as oneself (cf. Matt. 22:34-40; Rom. 13:8-10; Gal.5:14; James 2:8).  However, Jesus' command regarding love presented a distinctly new standard for two reasons: 1)it was sacrifical love modeled after his love ("as I have love you"; cf. John 15:13), and 2) it is  produced through the New Covenant by the transforming power of the Holy Spirit (cf. Jer. 31:29-34; Ezek. 36:24-26; Gal. 5:22)."

"13:36  you cannot follow.  His work was nearly finished; theirs was just beginning (Matt. 28:16-20; Mark 16:15; Luke 24:47.  Particularly, Peter had a work to do (see notes on John 21:15-19).  Only Jesus, as the sinless sacrifice for the trespasses of the world, could go to the cross and die (1 Pet. 2:22-24).  Also, only he could be glorified in the presence of the Father with the glory that he possessed before his incarnation (see John 12:41; 17:1-5)."

Let's pray:  Dear Lord Jesus,  I sometimes don't know what to pray for.  I'm sure I am not the only one.  All I can say is thank You Lord for Your loving gift of salvation that even though we are sinners You still loved us enough to die for us. You conquered death!  Those who receive Your gift of salvation are saved and it is only because of Your death on the cross and then Your resurrection.  For someday our time will end on this earth and those who truly receive You will follow you to heaven and our forever with You is really all that matters for the world is not our home.   In Jesus' name. Amen.

No comments:

Post a Comment